3r smart

Replacement - Reduction - Refinement

Methods to replace and supplement animal experiments

Learn more

About 3R SMART

Training platform for methodological approaches to reduce animal experiments

Welcome to 3R SMART!
We are an information and training platform that is aimed at both interested lay people and also scientists and technical personnel. The 3Rs stand for the Refinement, Reduction and Replacement of animal experiments.

The project is financed by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and coordinated and built up by the Foundation Veterinary University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover and the Philipps University of Marburg.


learn more

Articles about 3R


The 3R-Concept

This article details what the 3Rs concept means, where it comes from and what the legal implementation of the concept looks like in Germany.

learn more



In this article, a test is presented for determining the blood tolerability of medical devices.

learn more



The MoNLightBoNT assay is designed to be used in the long run as an alternative to the mouse lethality test for the activity testing of various products containing Botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT), such as Botox®.

learn more



Annual Conference of the 3R Network BW

Abstract Submission Deadline: 30.04.2023

Read more


Bf3R - Research funding 2023

Application deadline: 31.05.2023

Read more


Lower Saxony Animal Welfare Award for R2N

R2N – Replace and Reduce from Lower Saxony

Read more

Do you have any questions?

Contact us

Write email
forum login